Getting to the Sustainable Future We all Want to See

We need to be able to have a sustainable future that we direly need. A sure way to that would be the use of solar energy and wind energy.

Green Growth
Our use of fossil fuels has gotten out of hand. We need to start planting trees and stop cutting them down so drastically. If we do this we may have a chance to actually turn things around.
Environment & Development
The environment is one of the most important things that we need to consider whenever we think about the development of industries and other aspects.
Sustainable Development
All kinds of development that we have should be sustainable. The point is to stop our dependence on fossil fuels because it is an exhaustible source of energy.

Globalisation & Inequality

It is indeed a very essential thing to make sure that your business reaches people across the globe but it is also very pivotal to fight against inequality.

Latest Updates

Why Suburban Homeowners Should Contact Sydney Synthetic Grass Installers

Sydney synthetic grass in a home

Sydney synthetic grass installers are ideal parties to work with when it comes to the needs of suburban homeowners.

Maximising property value and protecting the integrity of their location can be achieved through a number of various techniques, but the use of artificial turf is one method that works on all accounts.

Real estate agents love the look, prospective homeowners love the vibrancy of the approach and the weekly logistics of maintaining organic lawn quickly disappears.

It is important to take note of the benefits of contacting these outlets and leveraging their expertise for domestic grass purposes.

Beautiful Aesthetics

Making contact with Sydney synthetic grass installers will allow them to deliver a product that is picture-perfect for 12 months of the year. It stands out as a signature feature for people walking by, it is a point of pride for the homeowner, enticing for guests and appealing to anyone who views the property as a saleable asset. This allows the focus to be placed on other areas of the premises, including the garden, the hedges and other positions that could be neglected without professional grass intervention.

Versatile Picture Profiles

The good news is that constituents don’t have to settle for a style that is to their tastes. When they reach out to Sydney synthetic grass installers, there will be various profiles in play to give the client a surface that hits all of the right marks. There will be products that are geared towards classical homes, contemporary locations, and settings that are tailored to dogs, children, pets, gardens and backyards.

Safe Surface Materials

One of the continual frustrations that homeowners in the suburbs can have with real turf is the need to spread pesticides to remove the unwanted activity. From termites and slugs to bull ant infestations and other creepy crawlies that are attracted to authentic lawns, Sydney synthetic grass installers offer a solution that is safe for all parties. These items do not attract that kind of activity and do not require any intervention from toxic chemicals that can adversely impact on people and pets.

No Mowing Required

When the sun beats down and homeowners are left looking at their mower for a tough Saturday afternoon, it is any wonder that clients in the suburbs decide enough is enough and reach out to Sydney synthetic grass installers. The amount that is saved on fuel and oil costs is seen as a major advantage, as well as protecting the viability of the mower as it is saved for other areas on the property or sold off entirely. The time and money needed to run push and ride-on mowers can be a drain for suburban citizens who are carefully managing their budget.

No Watering Needed

The increase in the water utility bill can only be diminished when there is no need to turn the tap on just to keep the grass looking fresh and green. Sydney synthetic grass installers offer a solution for constituents that want to enjoy that vibrant aesthetic without having to install a sprinkler system that costs extra time and money to organise. It is also beneficial for the environment when it comes to protecting an essential community resource during a time of drought.

Free Sydney Quotes

Installers in this region are easy to contact because they are 100% transparent with the pricing of their service. If homeowners want to open a dialogue with Sydney synthetic grass installers, then they can pick up the phone and schedule an appointment with one of their representatives. Depending on the type of turf they want to implement and how much yardage per square metre is needed, then clients can get a complete financial picture about the cost of this project upfront without any hidden fees.

 

Tips For Hiring An Arborist In Sydney

Trees

Taking good care of your trees is very important, not just from an aesthetic point of view but also if you want to look after the safety of your home and the health and lifespan of your trees. There are certain situations however where you might need to hire a professional arborist in Sydney, rather than do the work on your own.

Whether you need to manage the watering of trees, general pruning, or having an emergency on your hands, hiring a professional arborist in Sydney can go a long way to ensuring the optimal health and growth of your trees. If you’re thinking that your trees require some maintenance then check out our tips for finding a qualified arborist in Sydney.

Choosing a professional should be a decision that you consider carefully. Choosing the wrong person could impact the health of your trees and an unqualified person could be at serious risk of injury and likely won’t have the correct insurances. It’s important that you find the right person with the right skills, training, and experience to perform the work.

The tree company that you choose should have all the proper licenses and should have insurance. Here are some easy tips for finding a qualified arborist in Sydney.

 

Check certifications

Before you hire a service check what kinds of certifications they have and whether or not they are part of any professional organisations. Companies that are part of these organisation need to keep up with training and skills to keep their memberships and so remain up-to-date on best practices. With a certified professional you get the peace of mind of knowing that you’ll get quality work from them.

 

Ask for references

When you’re looking at potential arborists in Sydney you should ask them for references from past or current clients, this will help you to figure out whether or not they are a good business to work with and what you can expect from them in terms of expertise and service. In addition to asking them for references, it’s also a good idea to check out their review online to get a sense of what people are saying about them and whether or not their worth working with.

 

Get more than one quote

Ask potential companies for estimates on the cost of your job and compare their estimates. Keep in mind that sometimes cheaper isn’t better. You get what you pay for after all. Take into consideration the skills and expertise of the company as well as the scope of work provided to them. Don’t leave your trees in the hands of a poor service provider!

 

Don’t rush your decision

arborist in Sydney while working

Don’t rush into making a choice because of a pushy provider or just because there are discounts on offer. It’s important that you take the time to do some research and get an idea about what the job entails and what kind of work professionals will do.

 

Steer clear of excessive pruning

Stay away from companies that employ excessive pruning practices. Over-pruning can be dangerous to your trees and could permanently damage them so it’s a good idea to look for professionals that understand how to protect the health of your trees.

 

Get proof of licenses and certifications

Never just take a provider at their word. Before you allow them to start a job, check the authenticity of their licenses and certifications to ensure that they are a legitimate business, and not looking to rip you off. A good provider will be happy to provide a copy of their documentation.

Tips For Getting Bikini Body Ready

woman wearing thong swimsuit bottoms

No matter what season you are in, it is never too late to put some actions in place in order to get bikini body ready. Even if it is already summer, if you work hard you can get the confidence you need to rock that new bathing suit you had your eyes on. There are lots of different ways you can get bikini body ready, as well as lots of different bikini options, so for example, if you are keen to try the new style of thong swimsuit bottoms, then you should certainly go for it!

While it is always recommended you start as early as possible to get your body and confidence ready, sometimes that isn’t an option because the days, weeks, and months tend to slip away so fast! But never fear, there is a whole stack of tips to get your body bikini ready.

Remember, you can rock and a swimsuit you want, but if you want that extra confidence and looking to be your best self, then have a read on below at some of the best tips for getting bikini body ready:

 

Water, Water, Water

Water is so important to keep you hydrated, especially in the summer months, and when you are exercising (and therefore sweating a lot and losing fluids). There are so many different benefits attached to drinking a lot of water, so it is important that if you are looking to get bikini body ready, you up your water intake. Water can act as a filler to stop you from getting so hungry between meals so that you are better able to stick with your diet.

 

It’s All About The Food

Yes, exercising is very important as well and it helps you build muscle and get toned in the places you want. But food is probably the most important thing you need to consider when trying to get bikini body ready. What you put into your body needs to be full of the right nutrients to help your body lose weight and there are a lot of healthy alternatives to your favorite snacks, so make sure you make the switch to get your body ready for summer!

 

Add Some Balance To Your Routine

Have you ever heard of the saying, “everything in moderation”? Well, moderation is key and it is also important to add some variety to your exercise routine as well. You shouldn’t just be simply focusing on one part of your body all the time. It is always a good idea to mix it up and try new and different exercises every now and again. You will obviously not like every different exercise so it is a good idea to find the few that you like the most and stick with them.

 

Early Bird

Even though any exercise is good exercise, many experts believe that the best time of the day to workout is in the morning. This is because a morning workout will help get your metabolism working faster, which means that you can burn the calories you will consume throughout the day at a faster rate. So, if you have the time in your morning, it is certainly a good idea to schedule in your exercise for the day here.

 

Make A Plan

You are more likely to follow through with something if you have made a proper plan. This means planning what you are going to eat and when, and the type of workouts you are going to do this week as well. It is also a good idea to involve a friend or family member to workout with together, as it (may) make the workout more enjoyable.

Advice for First Time Visitors of a Skin Clinic in Melbourne

Woman visiting a male doctor dermatologist in a skin clinic in Melbourne

Making an appointment with a skin clinic in Melbourne is a positive step forward for patients who have an issue to deal with.

These specialists cover every subject involving the skin, helping those who suffer from hives, eczema, acne, seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, and psoriasis to name but a few conditions.

For men and women who are approaching these practices for the first time, they should adhere to the appropriate guidelines in order to get maximum value for time and money.

 

Check The Clinic for Ratings & Reviews

First-time visitors of a skin clinic in Melbourne should do their homework on practice before agreeing to a consultation. The best source for obtaining this information is online, assessing the 5-star ratings for quantity and quality. Sites like Google and Facebook will publish commentary and feedback from other patients as well, offering more context to this standing. If there are in-person referrals from friends, family members, and colleagues detailing their experience, that will also be helpful.

 

Contacting The Front Desk

Establishing a rapport with the front desk of a skin clinic in Melbourne is beneficial for individuals. Especially for those who are arriving for a first-time visit, it is valuable to understand the protocols for the visitation and to ensure that all of the logistical paperwork can be completed on time. They will be the point of contact for these appointments, so it is helpful to be familiar with these representatives.

 

Enquiring About Prices & Private Health Insurance

There will be different policies when it comes to the price of these Melbourne clinics and that presents a challenge for newcomers. The use of a Medicare card will likely be required, but the nature of the private health insurance coverage will offer unique financial outcomes for participants. This is where it is vital for individuals to get in contact with the front desk to ask them about their coverage and how much they will get back from the consultation as a monetary figure.

 

Arriving on Time

It never hurts to be early for an appointment with a skin clinic in Melbourne, but running late can create a myriad of issues. The filing of the paperwork and asking relevant questions can take 10-15 minutes prior to the consultation so that is why an additional 20-25 minutes will be beneficial. Those latecomers might miss their time entirely with further bookings needing to take preference, so afford extra time for this first time date.

 

Ask All Questions During Appointment

woman looking at herself in the mirror

The 30-40 minutes or so that is spent inside a skin clinic in Melbourne is the perfect opportunity to ask all relevant questions. Rather than making assumptions about the issue or hoping to expedite the consultation, it is crucial that men and women receive the feedback they are looking for. What types of creams will work? What should be avoided? Is there anything diet-related that could help or hamper progress? What about other forms of medication that are being consumed? Leave nothing to chance.

 

Confer With Local Doctor

If there is irritation, a breakout rash, or a condition that requires assessment, then it is valuable to confer with a local GP as well. These operators will have networks with a skin clinic in Melbourne, giving them the opportunity to offer a referral for continued examination down the line, or to provide a second opinion if there is any type of ambiguity.

 

Over time, the first time appointment with a skin clinic in Melbourne becomes a second and a third, allowing people to become familiar with the setting, the process, and the people involved. Follow through on these procedures to get the most value from the exercise.

 

How You Can Adjust Your Child’s Sleeping Pattern With A Mixture Of Melatonin And Blockout Curtains

blockout curtains in the bed room

Everything in life becomes just that little bit harder when someone is not able to get a good night’s rest. And this is especially the case for those who find themselves consistently not getting enough sleep and soon enough they have a severe amount of sleep debt. Now there can be a wide variety of reasons why this can occur, but a common cause is because a child is not sleeping well and so parents are not able to sleep well either.

And sometimes mums and dads out there can try every little thing in the book including courses and trying different foods only to find that their young one still won’t get to sleep. But what people need to realise is that sometimes it is the small things that they implement that can make a world of difference to their situation at hand. So, for frustrated parents out there who have just had enough, here is how you can adjust your child’s sleeping pattern with a mixture of melatonin and blockout curtains.

 

You can adjust your child’s sleeping pattern with a mixture of melatonin and blockout curtains as it will help with adjusting their circadian rhythm

What some people may or may not be aware of is the fact that the body has a natural sleeping and waking pattern, and this is known as the circadian rhythm. And this is usually influenced by the sun as people will want to wake when the sun rises, and they will want to sleep when the sun goes down. But in this day and age that is filled to the brim with technology and street lamps, it can sometimes be hard to create that dark atmosphere that humans are supposed to be exposed to naturally.

Be this as it may, one of the best things that parents can do is to create a super dark atmosphere in their child’s bedroom at night time so that their body knows when they are to go to sleep and they can start resetting their body block. And this is an example of how you can adjust your child’s sleeping pattern with a mixture of melatonin and blockout curtains. Melatonin is a hormone that is related to this system and is helpful when it comes to this plight but is again influenced by light and dark.

 

You can adjust your child’s sleeping pattern with a mixture of melatonin and blockout curtains as they can easily be opened in the morning

As mentioned above, the reason why so many people will find that their natural sleeping pattern is out of whack is that they are not exposed to sunlight first thing in the morning and they are exposed to too many lights at night time. Be this as it may, you can adjust your child’s sleeping pattern with a mixture of melatonin and blockout curtains as they can easily be opened in the morning so that parents can expose their little ones to the light first thing. This can be a little harder when people have instead decided to opt for roller shutters or some other kind of blinds that might not be as easy to open.

In conclusion, this kind of purchase can be very beneficial for those who are struggling and who feel like they have already tried everything. They may be surprised to find that something as simple as this can make a world of difference and that soon enough, they are able to achieve a desirable pattern again.

The Benefits of Listening to Legal Counsel When Approaching Family Court in Sydney

family court concept

Receiving legal counsel for family court in Sydney is strongly recommended for participants who have an upcoming hearing date.

These environments present their own challenges, especially for adults that want to act independently from any outside intervention.

We will explore the benefits for those that do reach out for professional help.

 

Attending Court on Time

For small settings that present a family court in Sydney, it will be easy for participants to know exactly where to go and where to be for their hearing. For others based in the CBD with large buildings and various hallways, it can be a genuine challenge to know specifically where to be at a specified moment. Especially for parents and working adults who are balancing multiple responsibilities, arriving at the right courtroom at the right time is not as easy as it would appear. By consulting with a professional solicitor, they will be able to assist with this planning, helping with any transport issues or scheduling conflicts.

 

Adhering to Rules & Guidelines

From the type of attire to wear at family court in Sydney to the correct way to address a judge during the process, these small details will count in the long run. There is a mode of decorum that is expected for adults when they walk through those doors, illustrating that they respect the judicial process and the judge that is overseeing the matter. By liaising with a legal representative who knows the correct behaviour and approach, they will be able to fill in the blanks and educate their client about these expectations ahead of time.

 

Adopting Legal Stance In Line With Personal Interests

Depending on the nature of the case and the facts that are present in the matter, participants can take a number of different actions at family court in Sydney. From child support and alimony payment schemes to declarations for divorce, separation, the nullity of marriage, or the status of residency, a lawyer will offer their counsel about what actions to take and what positions are in their best interest. If there is a desire to expedite the matter and accept the terms, that should be explored, just as a refusal to sign any documentation and to fight for additional terms. The intervention of a solicitor here is significant, guiding them to an action that is very much in their best interest.

 

Undertaking Paperwork & Logistics

couple signing their divorce papers

There are lodgment papers, applications and documents that must be signed when participants attend family court in Sydney. By consulting with an official lawyer in these cases, they will ensure that all provisions are checked and that everything runs smoothly via the registrar. These activities are often behind the scenes, but they are small steps that participants will value when they help them jump through the legal hoops of family court.

 

Working to Avoid Further Court Dates

If there is scope to engage in mediation beyond a date in family court in Sydney, then that should be taken at every opportunity. In some instances, it will be too late to go down that avenue if it has already been exhausted, but the use of expert legal counsel will help participants avoid a future date at the courthouse. The next phase of this process could be played out through settlement or conciliation, two different avenues that are best discussed in a private session with a legal representative.

 

Receiving Personal Support

It can be taxing on a personal level for women and men to be subjected to these environments, facing a judge in a judicial process that carries potential life-changing consequences. Having an experienced practitioner on hand right there to guide and support the participant at every stage is critical to the mental and emotional state of individuals. Ideally, there will be other family members who will offer personal support for family court in Sydney, but their presence will remove a lot of the confusion and tension on the day.

 

How To Find The Best Newcastle Storage For Your Needs

storage facility

Are you running out of space? Perhaps you’re going away and need to keep your things safe while you’re gone? Or maybe your moving and you need a temporary solution between homes.

No matter what your situation is, getting Newcastle storage is often a great solution for a range of problems. With high-density living on the rise, more Australians are living in apartments and need more space for their stuff. More Aussie’s than ever are also choosing to travel for extended periods thanks to new low cost-flight options – these people need safe, secure facilities to ensure their treasured possessions are kept safe and in good condition. So how do you find the best valuable or safest options for Newcastle storage?

 

Consider location

There are storage facilities all across New South Wales, but it’s important to consider more than just cost – think about accessibility and what works for your needs. If you’re based in the local area and will need regular, or even semi-regular access to your possessions than it’s a good idea to look for Newcastle storage that is close by. If you won’t need to access your things quite as often then you may want to look further afield, there are often cheaper deals to be found the further you get away from busy urban centres.

 

Consider accessibility

woman standing next to a storage facility

When looking for a facility for Newcastle storage, it’s important to take into consideration the level of accessibility that the facility has. If you have heavy items and have a unit on a higher floor then lifts will be a priority for example. You should also take note of how easy it is to get in and out of the facility, whether there’s parking and an easy place to pull up your vehicle or larger moving trucks. You’ll also want to check out whether there are any hills or sharp inclines at the facility, as you may be moving large or unwieldy items around. Additionally look at what trolleys they have available, how the building is staffed or whether there is any assistance available to help you move items around. Finally, check out the size of doors and gates, there’s nothing worse than getting a heavy object all the way to your unit, only to discover that it won’t fit or that there’s no clearance for tall items.

 

Consider security

Security is important for facilities that provide Newcastle storage. No one wants to leave valuable, or sentimental possessions unsupervised or at risk of theft. Check out whether potential facilities have security cameras and ask about how often they’re monitored. You should also check out whether access to the grounds is restricted – many facilities require a pin from customers before they can enter to prevent people from freely roaming around and taking things that don’t belong to them. You should also look at whether they have gates or other security measures, such as a good staff presence, night-time security staff or alarms. Your individual unit should also be locked with access by a key or pin that is provided to you to ensure that no one but you can get into your unit.

 

Consider insurance

If you’re looking for good Newcastle storage than make sure your chosen provider has the correct insurance. In the unfortunate event of theft, fire or damage your possessions will be covered and any losses will reimbursed. This will give you peace of mind and help you to relax when leaving your possessions in the care of a facility for long periods of time.

Globalization and Inequality

Inequality

Globalization is the reason for the availability of totally new opportunities for people around the world. It has introduced the exchange of ideas and technologies to each other, which has eased the availability of resources and provided better methods to approach development. But with the advancement of globalization, the difference between the rich and the poor has been noted to increase at a significant rate. The global inequality has been noted to increase from 1820 to about 1990. The major events that affected the global inequality were World War One and World War Two, which has created a difference in the growth among countries. However, the pattern has been noticed to change, and inequality has been observed to decline globally and surprisingly rise within the countries. Let us look at how globalization is increasing inequality across the nations.

Increase in specialization and trade

specialization and trade

The growth of import and export have provided to the GDP of the nations. But it has resulted in the reduction of the prices for the domestic materials. The merchants prefer to import goods from other regions to find a better deal, which, on the other hand, reduces the economic growth for the domestic industries resulting in underemployment and decline in value. Lesser profits will lead to underdevelopment of the infrastructure of the domestic industries and unavailability of the new technologies. On the other hand, the industries exporting the materials from the other countries will have additional profits and lead to advancing their infrastructure and technologies.

Higher profits for multinational companies

The most benefiting sector in the globalization is the multinational companies which enjoys the maximum rates of profits. MNCs deploy their branches in several parts of the world and functions separately. However, all the branches are headed by one single headquarter, which generates the overall profit report. MNCs also employ the residents of their area of function. The salaries of the employees also differ based on which branch they are operating from, which is also a cause for global inequality. MNCs can easily shut down their least performing branches which leave hundreds of people unemployed.

 

Demand for higher skilled workers

The companies employ people based on their skill in the field. This results in increasing the salary expectations for higher skilled workers and lowering the expectation for low skilled workers, which creates a huge gap between the employees working in the same department and can be easily identified as inequality. The difference in salaries can be tremendously huge between 1-2 years of expertise in a certain department. It has also been noticed that the salary of persons working in same positions differ based on the region they work in. A person working in a metropolitan city will have more salary than a person working in a developing region for the same department in the same company.

The paradox of globalization is that if the inequality between the rich and poor reduces within the country, it increases while comparing to other countries and vice-versa.  The government work towards providing knowledge and skills to benefit from the cross land trades and investments, and aim towards making globalization a boon rather a bane that it has become today in noted ways.

Role Of Family In Economic Development

Development

Every family in a state or a nation is an important asset to that region or nation. The economic functions of a family are important for the growth and development of a country, and the employed members of a family provide the workforce to the industries that work towards the GDP of the nation. Each family unit is necessary for the establishment of the institutions that are leading the societies today. A family can provide goods and other services to each other and sustain the well being of multiple members.

We need to look at family is an individual, organizational unit of individuals with different roles, privileges, options, and obligations. Different criteria have been established by the governments of different countries which oversees the distribution and development of resources and responsibilities for the families. These criteria are not based on the sex, age, financial condition, or roles they play in society.  They are set to control the growth in demands of a single family unit which can disturb the stability of sustainable development. The scarcity of resources and sudden demands of the families more frequently can result in the unequal distribution of resources and services. The members of low-income families are observed to face more of such problems as compared to families with sufficient economic background. Let us look at the roles that Families play in contributing to the economic development of society.

 

Production of goods and services

Most of the industries in the market today are making products which are important for families as a whole. Families need food, clothes, house, vehicles, raw materials, kitchen appliances, etc. for its survival and well being. The industries are useless without the consumers, and families provide that major consumer base for these industries to grow.

Political functions

Political functions

The main objective of a government is to fulfill the needs of the people in under its supervision. The families is the sector which requires the maximum priority as the needs and demands of a family also benefits the needs and demand of all the individuals in that family unit. If the government manages to satisfy the demands of the families, it helps the authorities to advance in other aspects as in return they get the support of the families with individuals that serve the process of their agendas.

Human, social and moral capital

Families are the base which reflects the strength of any nation. The government recognizes as the most important social institution. A poorly functioning family is a symptom of a sick and weak society. When a family experienced a breakdown, the moral capital of the society, which leads to a negative impact on political economy. Families should always be a top priority of economic and social development to build a strong and advanced nation.

 

The Relation between Real Estate and Economy

Economy

Real Estate is an evergreen industry which will grow as long as there is a need for industrialization and development of an area. There will always be the need for accommodation for the people getting employed in an industry or travelers and tourists visiting any place around the world. So real estate is a business which will never face any loss until unless a natural disaster strikes the buildings. Here are a few ways the real estate and economy of a nation are related.

A place for potential industrialization

The economy of a nation is very well dependent on real estates because it provides space for businesses to operate. It also provides the infrastructure required by an industry to function smoothly. The better the quality of the buildings and services of a place, the better reputation, and the attraction it receives. Business parks and IT parks are the most advanced industrial real estate operations that occur today. Companies choose the locations based on the facilities and space provided to them. A good real estate business which invites more industries will automatically help the economic growth by contributing to the GDP of the nation.

potential industrialization

Source of employment

Real estate business provides employment in all sectors of the economy. The architects, builders, and engineers are hired to create masterpieces for industries and housing. Apart from these departments, it also employs the advisors, surveyors, facilities managers, which contributes to the construction of the buildings. Also, after the buildings are complete, space is provided to the new industries which will create employment to more people in the area.

Real Estates are the foundation of Industries

We should realize that Real Estates is the industry behind the establishment of major industries such as schools, hospitals and other institutions. All these industries work towards contributing the development of the economy and require the real estates for their establishment. The real estate works indirectly towards the economy of a nation. Hence, it is the foundation of all the other industries as no industry today can willingly work under a tree.

Growth in Tourism

Growth in Tourism

Due to the infrastructural improvements in a country, the value for the places also increase. As the developed regions become attractive, it gains the attention of the people worldwide for tourism. The tourism industry benefits in a major way with good infrastructural growth. There is a need for a faster rate of development in the underdeveloped regions, and tourism is the fastest growing industry in the world and the regions with the best infrastructures are more likely to advance in economic growth compared to the underdeveloped regions.

Although real estates are not one of the major contributors to the economy, it surely is the backbone to support all the other industries working towards the development of a nation.